platinum group ore processing

  • Separating the Platinum Group Metals by Liquid-Liquid ...

    Separating the Platinum Group Metals by Liquid-Liquid Extraction NEW PROCESS HAS POTENTIAL ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES OVER CONVENTIONAL SELECTIVE PRECIPITATION By P. Charlesworth Marthc.! Kuqtenhurg Refiners (I''K) Limited, Ro>ston, England To extract the platinum group metals from ore, and to refine them to the very high purity required for their many applications,

  • Stillwater and East Boulder Platinum and Palladium Mine ...

    Platinum-group metals (PGMs) occur in a layer averaging 2.4m-thick and are associated with pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite and pentlandite. ... Ore processing. The ore obtained from the operations undergoes crushing and concentration at the processing plants located at the mines. Ore is stored in a 3,175t silo before being fed to a SAG mill.

  • The Process of Assaying Black Sands

    ASSAY PROCESS Because of the thickening process, as just discussed, 30 grams of starting ore is clearly too much ore. Also, because of my earlier work on x-ray analysis of reduced magnetite I became convinced that the black sand contains a very high percentage of platinum group elements—in the neighborhood of 10%.

  • World''s top five producers of platinum group metals profiled

     · South Africa is the world''s largest producer of platinum, processing 110mt in 2018. The country''s reserves of platinum group metals (PGMs) stands at 63,000mt. Owing to various factors such as job losses and mine-shaft closures, the country witnessed a sharp fall in production last year compared to the 143mt recovered in 2017.

  • Metal ore mining in Europe

    The EU has produced a list of 43 critical raw materials [1; 2], of which a total of 20 are from the list of rare earths and platinum group metals (PGM). 2 Iron ore production. The EU has 9 member states producing iron ore, including Sweden, Norway, Austria, Slovakia and Germany.

  • Sulfide Ore Processing « TCB Metals and Refining

    For companies with platinum group sulfide ore with valuable base metals of nickel, cobalt, etc…in their ores, TCB can remove the precious metals and companies can then send the processed tailings to the proper refiner. TCB allows company representatives to be present during processing at our facility.

  • Platinum group | chemical element group | Britannica

    Platinum group, six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and platinum (Pt). The elements all possess a silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white. The chemical behaviour of these metals is paradoxical

  • refining of platinum group metals / priciple flow sheet

    most sophisticated industrial inorganic chemistry: refining of platinum group metals ore concentrate. pgm ore concentrate The figure below shows a typical assay of a South African platinum group metals ore concentrate obtained as the filter cake after sulfuric acid leach (according to the Sherrit process) of a Merensky reef converter matte.

  • PGM Ore Processing at Impala''s UG-2 Concentrator

    PGM Ore PrOcessinG at iMPala''s UG-2 cOncentratOr in rUstenbUrG, sOUth africa. eUGene nel and JOhan therOn - iMPala PlatinUM ltd.; chris Martin and hans raabe - sGs abstract Impala Platinum Limited is the world''s second largest platinum producer, producing more than 1.7 million ounces

  • An overview of Southern African PGM smelting

    SOUTH AFRICAN PLATINUM-GROUP METAL ORES South Africa has the greatest concentration of primary PGM producing companies (14,15), each of which has their own approach to smelting, governed to a large extent by the type of ore that they process. The currently exploitable South African reserves of platinum-group metals are

  • XRF Helps Meet the Platinum Group Metals Mining Challenge

     · PGM extraction and refinement is also a capital- and labor-intensive process. According to the International Platinum Group Metals Association (IPA), it can take as long as six months from initial mining activities to produce the final metal. PGM ore is mined typically underground but sometimes in open-cast pits.

  • How is platinum extracted from its ore

     · For Platinum, the two- chief minerals are sperrylite or platinum arsenide (PtAs2) and co-operate or platinum sulfide (Pts). Extracting Platinum from these ores is arguably one of the most capital and labour intensive operations in the world. On average, it takes up to six months and up to 12 tonnes of ore to produce an industry standard troy ...

  • Ray Grimmer Lab Service

    BATCH PROCESSING We also offer small test batch processing of concentrates and ores through our proprietary process. Through a combination of Grinding, Roasting, Tableing, & Leaching of your submitted material, through our environmentally friendly process, whether it be sulfide, tellurides, free milling, placer concentrates, or raw unprocessed ore, we can inform you as to the feasibility of ...


    Platinum 2012 695 R. Rumpold, J. Antrekowitsch RECYCLING OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS FROM AUTOMOTIVE CATALYSTS BY AN ACIDIC LEACHING PROCESS R. Rumpold University of Leoben J. Antrekowitsch University of Leoben Abstract The platinum group metals (PGMs) palladium, platinum, and rhodium represent the key

  • ValOre Announces Initial Platinum Group Assay Results from ...

     · PGE assay highlights for the first three core holes drilled at the Trapia 1 target: Drill hole DD21TU21* 71.90 m grading 1.29 grams per tonne palladium + platinum + gold ("g/t 2PGE+Au") from ...


    higher quantities, platinum and palladium are the most important metals of the PGMs. The other four, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium, are mined as by-products of platinum and palladium. 58% of world PGM production takes place in South Africa1 not only for ore …

  • How Is Platinum Extracted?

     · This process is necessary because platinum, even in ore, needs to be removed from other substances. Platinum is an incredibly rare metal that is mined and extracted in a variety of different ways depending on the technological sophistication of the miners attempting to extract it.

  • Methods of recovering platinum-group metals from ...

    Because the ore is sulfidic in nature, it was concentrated by froth flotation. A 45 kg/h process development unit (PDU) was constructed and 85 to 95% of the platinum and palladium were recovered from the ore by using mercaptobenzothiazole or sodium isobutyl xanthate as collectors.

  • Analysis of Platinum-Group Elements

    Analysis of Platinum-Group Elements Methods. Analysis of Gold at USGS Laboratories by Flame or Graphite-Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. 10-g sample aliquots are ignited at 700 degrees C for 1 hour to oxidize sulfides and organic matter.Samples …

  • Platinum Group Metals Provides Update on Maseve Mine and ...

     · R. Michael Jones, President or Kris Begic, VP, Corporate Development Platinum Group Metals Ltd., Vancouver (604) 899-5450 / Toll Free: (866) 899-5450

  • how to process platinum ore

     · Recovery of platinum-group metals from ores – The United States …. Jun 29, 1982 · We claim: 1. A process for recovery of nickel, iron, platinum, palladium, copper and gold values from ore concentrates consisting essentially of »More detailed

  • Platinum is produced in South Africa by Amplats, Impala ...

    Process routes for beneficiation of noble metals from Merensky and UG-2 ores. Extraction Metallurgy ''85, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, 9-12 September 1985, pp.789-816. 24. Corrans I.J., Brugman C.F., Overbeek P.W., and McRae L.B. (1982). The recovery of platinum-group metals from ore of the UG-2 Reef in the Bushveld Complex.

  • Beneficiation and Extractive Metallurgy of PGE

    The terms PGE (Platinum Group Elements) and PGM (Platinum Group . Minerals) are often used interchangeably, and incorrectly, in the processing and metallurgical literature. The terminology is confused further by PGM being referred to as platinum group metals (which is strictly correct) but often leads to the abbreviation of PGM, which refers

  • Platinum Mining and Refining | Education

    Platinum group - Wikipedia

  • Leaching and recovery of platinum group metals from UG-2 ...

    Existing processes for the recovery of platinum group metals (PGM) from UG-2 ores place stringent requirements with regard to chromite content upon feed material to the plant. An alternative hydrometallurgical process for which this is not an issue is proposed that involves reductive roasting of the ore followed by leaching with

  • The top five platinum-mining companies in the world

     · Bulk ore sorter at Anglo American''s Mogalakwen platinum mine in South Africa (Credit: Flickr/Anglo American) Platinum is a precious metal that is part of the six-member family of platinum group metals (PGMs) sought after by mining companies – which also comprises palladium, rhodium, iridium, osmium, and ruthenium.

  • Palladium Refining Tutorial-Part 1

    Palladium (Pd) refining can be a daunting task, similar to the other Platinum group metals (PGM''s) refining process. This is mainly due to their similar (but different) physical and chemical properties. Separating Palladium from base metals and especially from sister PGM''s, is rarely achieved completely in one refining cycle. Sounds kind of rough, but rest assured that this process is doable ...

  • The Properties and Applications of Platinum

     · The first step in this process is to crush platinum containing ore and immerse it in the reagent containing water; a process known as ''froth flotation''. During flotation, air is pumped through the ore-water slurry. Platinum particles chemically attach on to the oxygen and rise to the surface in a froth that is skimmed off for further refining.

  • US4337226A

    Metal values are recovered from ore concentrates by means of dry grinding, followed by a two-stage leaching process in which the ground concentrate is first leached with sulfuric acid at a temperature of about 90° to 100° C. to selectively leach nickel and iron. The residue is then leached with a solution comprising sulfuric acid and NaOCl or H 2 O 2 to extract platinum, palladium, copper ...

  • Extraction of Platinum Group Metals | IntechOpen

     · 2. Geology. In South Africa, the PGM ore is mined in the western and eastern limb of the Bushveld Igneous Complex [].Within the Bushveld Igneous Complex, the Merensky reef, the Platreef and Upper Group 2 (UG2) reef are exploited for platinum production [1, 4, 9].Merensky and Platreef have similar chemical and mineral composition [6, 10].These reefs typically have fairly low contents of …

  • Ngezi Platinum Group Metals Mine, Zimbabwe

    Platinum-group metal mineralisation occurs within a 4m vertical interval within the stratiform deposit. The sulphide ore is oxidised at the outcrop but remains unweathered at depths of 20m or more. As of June 2009, total proven and probable reserves at Ngezi were estimated to be 217.4Mt grading 1.7g/t platinum (Pt), 1.32g/t palladium (Pd), 0 ...

  • Platinum group

    The platinum-group metals (abbreviated as the PGMs; alternatively, the platinoids, platinides, platidises, platinum group, platinum metals, platinum family or platinum-group elements (PGEs)) are six noble, precious metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table.These elements are all transition metals in the d-block (groups 8, 9, and 10, periods 5 and 6).

  • Bioprocessing of oxidized platinum group element (PGE ...

     · 1. Introduction. Platinum-group elements (PGE: Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir and Pt) are present in extremely low concentrations (0.000022–0.00052 ppm; Rudnick and Gao, 2003) in the upper continental crust ore deposits, concentrations occur in the range of 1 to 15 ppm.